Penapisan Isolat Rizobakteri dari Perakaran Tanaman Kedelai yang Sehat untuk Pengendalian Penyakit Pustul Bakteri (Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines)

Yulmira Yanti, Trimurti Habazar, Zurai Resti, Dewi Suhalita

Abstract


Screening of indigenous  rhizobacteria from healthy soybean root to control bacterial pustule (Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines) using in planta technique. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria are a group of bacteria  that actively colonize plant roots, increase plant growth and control  plant pathogens. The aim of this study was to obtain rhizobacteri isolates which have the ability to control bacterial pustule and  increase growth and yield of soybean. This method based on in planta selection of enhanced competitive soil root-colonizing bacteria from soil samples of healthy soybean root at endemic area of bacterial pustule in Darmasraya  District  and   Sijunjung District, West Sumatera. We characterized only the best rhizobacteri isolates which have ability to control bacterial pustule and to increase growth and yield of soybean. This type of characterization has possibility to find  new, easy and cheap biocontrol organisms. Ten Rhizobacteri isolates were introduced via seed treatment (108 cfu/ml) and soil drench to 3 week old  soybean seedling. Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines were inoculated to one month old of soybean seedling. The effect of rhizobacteria  on disease incidence, disease severity, plant growth and yield of soybean were evaluated.  We have found that two selected  rhizobacteri isolates from soybean (P12Rz2.1 and P14Rz1.1) were the best isolates in promoting growth and the of the soybean plants  with the effectiveness  20.62 % and 20.47 %.

Keywords


bacterial pustule; Rhizobacteria; soybean; in planta technique

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23960/j.hptt.11324-34

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.