VIRULENSI BERBAGAI ISOLAT JAMUR ENTOMOPATOGEN METARHIZIUM SPP. TERHADAP HAMA PENGGEREK BUAH KAKAO CONOPOMORPHA CRAMERELLA SNELL. (LEPIDOPTERA: GRACILLARIIDAE)

Authors

  • Trizelia Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Andalas, Kampus Limau Manis, Padang 25163
  • Nurbailis Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Andalas, Kampus Limau Manis, Padang 25163
  • Dina Ernawati Balai Besar Perbenihan dan Proteksi Tanaman Perkebunan Surabaya, Jl. Raya Mojoagung No.52, Jombang 61482

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23960/j.hptt.213151-158

Keywords:

cocoa, Conopomorpha cramerella, Metarhizium spp., pupae, virulence

Abstract

Virulence of various Metarhizium spp. (Deuteromycotina: Hyphomycetes)  isolates on cocoa pod borrer pest, Conopomorpha cramerella Snell. (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). In Indonesia, Conopomorpha  cramerella  Snell.  (Lepidoptera  :  Gracillariidae) is a serious pest of cocoa.  Entomopathogens such as Metarhizium  spp.  (Deuteromycotina: Hyphomycetes)  can be used to control this pest as an alternative to chemical insecticides.  The purpose of this research was to study the virulence of isolates of Metarhizium  spp. to pupae of C. cramerella. Nine isolates of Metarhizium spp each with 107 conidia/ml rate were used in the experiment.  Pupal mortality  was recorded  daily.  The results showed that isolate MetApCi from chili rhizosphere had the highest virulence causing  96.67% mortality of C.  cramerella  pupae and with an LT50 of 3.04 days. 

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Published

2013-06-07
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