POPULASI DAN SERANGAN KUTU PUTIH PEPAYA, PARACOCCUS MARGINATUS (HEMIPTERA: PSEUDOCOCCIDAE) PADA TANAMAN PEPAYA DI DAERAH DATARAN RENDAH SUMATERA SELATAN

Authors

  • Rosdah Thalib Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan, Faperta, Universitas Sriwijaya, IndralayaPusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal(PUR-PLSO), Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang
  • Rossi Fachrullah Rozi Mahasiswa Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Faperta, Universitas Sriwijaya, Indralaya
  • Triani Adam Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan, Faperta, Universitas Sriwijaya, Indralaya
  • Khodijah Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan, Faperta, Universitas Palembang, Palembang Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal(PUR-PLSO), Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang
  • Siti Herlinda Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan, Faperta, Universitas Sriwijaya, IndralayaPusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal(PUR-PLSO), Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23960/j.hptt.214136-141

Keywords:

damage, papaya, Paracoccus marginatus, populations

Abstract

Populations and damage by the papaya mealybug Paracoccus marginatus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on papaya inlowland areas of South Sumatera. One of the main problems in papaya cultivation today is the presence of a newlyintroduced pest, the white papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). This study aimed toobserve the mealybug populations and its damage percentage in papaya plants and to identify its host plants in SouthSumatera. The study was carried out on the fruit and vegetable producing area in Indralaya, South Sumatera. The survey wasconducted on papaya plantation plots with a minimum size of 1000 m2. Data from the observation indicated that populationsof P. marginatus on papaya fruit were not significantly different to those on papaya leaves, except for the first observation inthe rainy season. In general, the percentages of mealybug damages were not affected by the season and the percentages ofdamage on the leaves were not different from those on the fruits of the papaya plants. Inventory of P. marginatus host plantson the area resulted in a total of 12 species of host plants dominated by dicotyledonous plant species. The host plants werefrom 11 families, i.e. Anacardiaceae, Caricaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Myrtaceae, Rosaceae, Rutaceae,Sapindaceae, Sapotaceae, and Solanaceae.

References

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Published

2014-06-20
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