INSECTICIDAL JOINT ACTION OF TERNARY EXTRACT MIXTURES OF FOUR SPECIES OF TROPICAL PLANTS AGAINST Plutella xylostella AND Crocidolomia pavonana

Authors

  • Djoko Prijono Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University
  • Maya Anggraini Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University
  • Sri Riski Maryani Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University
  • Elina Diana Surya Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23960/j.hptt.12134-42

Keywords:

botanical insecticides, cabbage pests, joint action, ternary mixtures, tropical plants

Abstract

The diamondback moth (DBM), Plutella xylostella, and the cabbage head caterpillar (CHC), Crocidolomia pavonana, were two main pests of cruciferous vegetable crops. Among the viable alternative ingredients that could be utilized to control those two pests were eco-friendly botanical insecticides. This study was conducted to evaluate the joint action of ternary extract mixtures of four tropical plant species, i.e. Piper aduncum (Pa), Piper retrofractum (Pr), Sapindus rarak (Sr), and Tephrosia vogelii (Tv), against DBM and CHC. Results of leaf-residue feeding bioassays showed that based on co-toxicity ratio at both LC50 and LC levels, ternary mixtures of Pa extract with Sr and Tv extracts at concentration ratios of 1:5:1, 1:5:2, and 2:5:1 indicated synergistic joint action on DBM larvae. A mixture of Pa, Sr and Tv extracts at a ratio of 2:5:1 was also synergistic to CHC at both LC level but antagonistic at the LC 95 50 95 and LC 95 levels. This mixture at the 1:5:1 ratio was synergistic on CHC at the LC level whereas at the 1:5:2 ratio was antagonistic to CHC at both LC levels. Furthermore, ternary mixtures of Pr extract with Sr and Tv extracts at the three concentration ratios were synergistic to CHC. Thus, ternary mixtures of Pa or Pr extract with Sr and Tv extracts at appropriate concentration ratios are potential alternatives for the control of DBM and CHC.

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2021-01-28
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