COGONGRASS ROOT EXTRACT FROM FIVE DIFFERENT SOILS TYPES FOR SUPPRESSING PURPLE BLOTCH AND INCREASING GROWTH AND YIELD OF SHALLOTS

Authors

  • Rokhlani Postgraduate Master of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Jenderal Soedirman University
  • Loekas Soesanto Faculty of Agriculture, Jenderal Soedirman University
  • Subandi Nur Faculty of Agriculture, Swadaya Gunung Jati University
  • Nur Prihatiningsih Faculty of Agriculture, Jenderal Soedirman University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23960/jhptt.221103-115

Keywords:

cogongrass roots extract, growth and yield, purple blotch, shallot

Abstract

Cogongrass root extract from five different soils types for suppressing purple blotch and increasing growth and yield of shallots. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.) root extracts from five different soil types (Typic Udipsamments, Aeric Endoaqualfs (=Gleisal Eutrik), Typic Quartzipsamments (=Regosol Eutrik), Aquertic Chromic Hapludalfs, and Pachic Hapludolls) in suppressing purple blotch and increasing growth and yield of shallots. Split plot design was used with 13 treatments repeated three times, and 18 plants plot-1. The treatments consisted of control, fungicide propineb applied before and after inoculation, and five types of cogongrass root extract 50, 60, and 70% concentration applied before and after inoculation. Results showed that cogongrass root extract collected from Pachic Hapludolls which was applied before inoculation had significant effect on the highest pathosystem component indicated by delaying the incubation period, suppressing the intensity of the disease, slowing down the infection rate, and decreasing values of AUDPC as 41.85, 69.87, 75.13, and 67.63%, respectively, compared to control. The cogongrass root extract from Pachic Hapludolls applied before inoculation could increase plant fresh and dry weight plant-1, tuber weight plant-1, plant fresh and dry weight plot-1, and tuber dry weight plot-1 as 42.7, 49.6, 51.92, 66.75, 72.29, and 73.53%, respectively, compared to control.

References

Abdel-Hafez SII, Abo-Elyousr KAM, & Abdel-Rahim IR. 2013. Effect of certain plant extracts to control purple blotch disease of onion plants (Allium cepa L.). J. Plant Physiol. Pathol. 1(4): 4.

Ahmad AR, Dahlia AA, & Kosman R. 2014. Standardization of simplisia and methanolic extract of cemba (Acacia rugata (Lam.) Fawc. Rendle) leaves endemic plant from Massenrenpulu regency of Enrekang. World J. Pharm. Sci. 2(12): 1808–1812.

Ahmad A, Kaleem M, Ahmed Z, & Shafiq H. 2015. Therapeutic potential of flavonoids and their mechanism of action against microbial and viral infections—A review. Food Res. Int. 77(2): 221–235.

Apriyadi AR, Wahyuni WS, & Supartini V. 2013. Pengendalian penyakit patik (Cercospora nicotianae) pada tembakau Na Oogst secara in-vivo dengan ekstrak daun gulma kipahit (Tithonia diversifolia). Berkala Ilmiah Pertanian. 1(2): 30–32.

Arie IZ, Prasetyo J, & Efri. 2015. Pengaruh ekstrak alang-alang, babadotan dan teki terhadap penyakit antraknosa pada buah pisang kultivar Cavendish. J. Agrotek Tropika. 3(2): 251–256.

Bekker TF, Kaiser C, Merwe Rvd, & Labuschagne N. 2006. In-vitro inhibition of mycelial growth of several phytopathogenic fungi by soluble potassium silicate. S. Afr. J. Plant Soil. 23(3): 169–172.

Blainski A, Lopes GC, & de Mello JCP. 2013. Application and analysis of the Folin Ciocalteu method for the determination of the total phenolic content from Limonium brasiliense L. Molecules. 18(6): 6852–6865.

Bryson CT, Krutz LJ, Ervin GN, Reddy KN, & Byrd JD. 2010. Ecotype variability and edaphic characteristics for cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) populations in Mississippi. Invasive Plant Sci. Manag. 3(3): 199–207.

Carmona M, Sautua F, Pérez-Hérnandez O, & Reis EM. 2020. Role of fungicide applications on the integrated management of wheat stripe rust. Front Plant Sci. 11: 733.

Chandra S, Khan S, Avula B, Lata H, Yang MH, Elsohly MA, & Khan IA. 2014. Assessment of total phenolic and flavonoid content, antioxidant properties, and yield of aeroponically and conventionally grown leafy vegetables and fruit crops: a comparative study. Evid. Based Complement. Alternat. Med. 2014: 253875.

Dar AA, Sharma S, Mahajan R, Mushtaq M, Salathia A, Ahamad S, & Sharma JP. 2020. Overview of purple blotch disease and understanding its management through chemical, biological and genetic approaches. J. Integr. Agric. 19(12): 3013–3024.

de la Fuente V, Rufo L, Rodríguez N, Franco A, & Amils R. 2017. Comparison of iron localization in wild plants and hydroponic cultures of Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv. Plant Soil. 418(1–2): 25–35.

Gunaeni N. 2015. Pengendalian hama dan penyakit secara fisik dan mekanik pada produksi bawang daun (Allium fistolosum L.). Agrin. 19(1): 37–51.

Gurjar MS, Ali S, Akhtar M, & Singh KS. 2012. Efficacy of plant extracts in plant disease management. Agric. Sci. 3(3): 425–433.

Gusmarini M, Dirmawati SR, Nurdin M, & Akin HM. 2014. Pengaruh beberapa jenis ekstrak tumbuhan terhadap penyakit antraknosa pada tanaman cabai besar (Capsicum annuum L.) di lapangan. J. Agrotek Tropika. 2(2): 197–201.

Hagan D, Jose S, & Lin CH. 2013. Allelopathic exudates of cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica): implications for the performance of native pine savanna plant species in the Southeastern US. J. Chem. Ecol. 39(2): 312–322.

Idris N & Nurmasnyah. 2015. Efektivitas ekstrak etanol beberapa tanaman obat sebagai bahan baku fungisida nabati untuk mengendalikan Colletotrichum gloeosporiodes. Bul. Littro. 26(2): 117–124.

Isda MN, Lestari W, & Agriani D. 2013. Optimasi konsentrasi ekstrak alang-alang (Imperata cylindrical L.) untuk memacu pertumbuhan dan produksi jagung manis (Zea mays saccharata Sturt). Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi. 6(1): 47–52.

Jhala P, Mali BL, & Meena MK. 2017. Effective management of purple blotch of onion caused by Alternaria porri (Ellis) through host resistance, fungicides and botanicals. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 6(5): 1737–1745.

Kalogianni AI, Lazou T, Bossis I, & Gelasakis AI. 2020. Natural phenolic compounds for the control of oxidation, bacterial spoilage, and foodborne pathogens in meat. Foods. 9(6): 794.

Kareem MA, Murthy KVMK, Nadaf HA, & Waseem MA. 2012. Effect of temperature, relative humidity and light on lesion length due to Alternaria porri in onion. Asian J. Environ. Sci. 7(1): 47–49.

Khalid M, Saeed-ur-Rahmana, Bilal M, & Huang DF. 2019. Role of flavonoids in plant interactions with the environment and against human pathogens — a review. J. Integr. Agric. 18(1): 211–230.

Kobayashi K. 2004. Factors affecting phytotoxic activity of allelochemicals in soil. Weed Biol. Manag. 4(1): 1–7.

Kumar S & Pandey AK. 2013. Chemistry and biological activities of flavonoids: an overview. Sci. World J. 2013: 162750.

Ling ASC, Kamil MJA, Chong KP, & Ho CM. 2017. Assessing the cocoa genotypes for resistance to black pod using the area under the disease-progress curve (AUDPC). Bulg. J. Agric. Sci. 23(6): 972–979.

Liu H, Taylor Jr TH, Pettus K, Johnson S, Papp JR, & Trees D. 2016. Comparing the disk-diffusion and agar dilution tests for Neisseria gonorrhoeae antimicrobial susceptibility testing. Antimicrob. Resist. Infect. Control 5: 46.

Maftuchah & Idiyah S. 1995. Analisa Pertumbuhan Tanaman. Universitas Muhamadiyah Malang. Malang.

Majeed A, Ahmad H, Ali MA, & Khan H. 2014. Effect of systemic and contact fungicides on late blight disease and tuber yield of potato. J. Agric. Sci. Technol. 10(1): 209–217.

Mallik AU. 2000. Challenges and opportunities in allelopathy research: a brief overview. J. Chem. Ecol. 26: 2007–2009.

Marlitasari E, Sulistyowati L, & Kusuma RR. 2016. Hubungan ketebalan lapisan epidermis daun terhadap infeksi jamur Alternaria porri penyebab penyakit bercak ungu pada empat varietas bawang merah. J. HPT. 4(1): 8–16.

Maslanka R, Zadrag-Tecza R, & Kwolek-Mirek M. 2020. Linkage between carbon metabolism, redox status and cellular physiology in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae devoid of SOD1 or SOD2 gene. Genes 11(7): 780.

McLay ER, Pontaroli AC, & Wargent JJ. 2020. UV-B induced flavonoids contribute to reduced biotrophic disease susceptibility in lettuce seedlings. Front. Plant Sci. 11: 594681.

Mierziak J, Kostyn K, & Kulma A. 2014. Flavonoids as important molecules of plant interactions with the environment. Molecules. 19(10): 16240–16265.

Muchtaromah B, Ahmad M, Romaidi, Nazilah LA, & Naja NA. 2018. Antibacterial activity of water and ethanol extract of Allium sativum, Curcuma mangga, and Acorus calamus combination. J. Biol. Res. 24(1): 8–15.

Nuryani W, Yusuf ES, Djatnika I, Hanudin, & Marwoto B. 2011. Pengendalian penyakit layu fusarium pada subang gladiol dengan pengasapan dan biopestisida. J. Hort. 21(1): 40–50.

Paz-Alberto AM, Sigua GC, Baui BG, & Prudente JA. 2007. Phytoextraction of lead-contaminated soil using vetivergrass (Vetiveria zizanioides L.), cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica L.) and carabaograss (Paspalum conjugatum L.). Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 14(7): 498–504.

Printz B, Lutts S, Hausman JF, & Sergeant K. 2016. Copper trafficking in plants and its implication on cell wall dynamics. Front. Plant Sci. 7: 601.

Rai B & Singh DB. 1980. Antagonistic activity of some leaf survafe microfungi against Alternaria brassicae and Drechslera gramineae. Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 75(3): 365–369.

Sari MP, Hadisutrisno B, & Suryanti. 2016. Penekanan perkembangan penyakit bercak ungu pada bawang merah oleh cendawan mikoriza arbuskula. J. Fitopatologi Indonesia. 12(5): 159–167.

Sekara A, Pokluda R, Del Vacchio L, Somma S, & Caruso G. 2017. Interactions among genotype, environment and agronomic practices on production and quality of storage onion (Allium cepa L.) - a review. Hort. Sci. (Prague). 44: 21–42.

Seniwaty, Raihanah, Nugraheni IK, & Umaningrum D. 2009. Skrining fitokimia dari alang-alang (Imperata cylindrica L. Beauv.) dan lidah ular (Hedyotis corymbosa L. Lamk). Sains dan Terapan Kimia. 3(2):124–133.

Setiawati W, Gunaeni N, Subhan, & Muharam A. 2011. Pengaruh pemupukan dan tumpangsari antara tomat dan kubis terhadap populasi Bemisia tabaci dan insiden penyakit virus kuning pada tanaman tomat. J. Hort. 21(2): 135–144.

Shah A & Smith DL. 2020. Flavonoids in agriculture: chemistry and roles in, biotic and abiotic stress responses, and microbial associations. Agronomy 10(8): 1209.

Sumarni N, Rosliani R, & Basuki RS. 2012. Respons pertumbuhan, hasil umbi, dan serapan hara NPK tanaman bawang merah terhadap berbagai dosis pemupukan NPK pada tanah alluvial. J. Hort. 22(4): 366–375.

Supriyanto, Purwanto, Poromarto SH, & Supyani. 2020. Evaluation of in vitro antagonistic activity of fungi from peatlands against Ganoderma species under acidic condition. Biodiversitas 21(7): 2935–2945.

Suryanto D, Irawati N, & Munir E. 2011. Isolation and characterization of chitinolytic bacteria and their potential to inhibit plant pathogenic fungi. Microbiol. Indones. 5(3): 144–148.

Taherdoost H. 2016. Sampling methods in research methodology; how to choose a sampling technique for research. Int. J. Acad. Res. Manag. 5(2): 18–27.

Tombe M, Pangeran D, & Haryani TS. 2012. Keefektifan formula minyak cengkeh dan serai wangi terhadap Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vanillae penyebab busuk batang vanili. Jurnal Littri. 18(4): 143–150.

Van Der Plank JE. 1963. Plant Diseases: Epidemics and Control. Academic Press. New York.

Yang L, Wen KS, Ruan X, Zhao YX, Wei F, & Wang Q. 2018. Response of plant secondary metabolites to environmental factors. Molecules. 23(4): 762.

Zhang QW, Lin LG, & Ye WC. 2018. Techniques for extraction and isolation of natural products: a comprehensive review. Chin. Med. 13: 20.

Downloads

Published

2021-06-29
Read Counter : 51 times
PDF Download : 28 times