LARVICIDAL AND ANTIFEEDANT ACTIVITIES OF CLOVE LEAF OIL AGAINST Spodoptera litura (F.) ON SOYBEAN

Authors

  • Rizka Nur Fateha Sustainable Agricultural Extension Program, Politeknik Pembangunan Pertanian Malang
  • Maria Grasela Sustainable Agricultural Extension Program, Politeknik Pembangunan Pertanian Malang
  • Muhammad Nur Ichwan Sustainable Agricultural Extension Program, Politeknik Pembangunan Pertanian Malang
  • Eny Wahyuning Purwanti Sustainable Agricultural Extension Program, Politeknik Pembangunan Pertanian Malang
  • Irianti Kurniasari Sustainable Agricultural Extension Program, Politeknik Pembangunan Pertanian Malang http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0002-0189

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23960/j.hptt.12120-25

Keywords:

Botanical pesticide, clove leave oil, antifeedants activity, mortality, Spodoptera litura Fabricius

Abstract

Economic losses due to infestation by the soybean armyworm, Spodoptera litura can reach up to 100%. Some farmers often used insecticide to control the armyworm. However, regular use of insecticide can cause several negative effects such as environmental pollution, residual toxicity, and health hazard for human. The objective of this research was to determine the larvicidal, antifeedant, and activities of clove leaf oil (CLO) against the armyworm S. litura on soybean. The research was carried out at the plant pest control laboratory of Politeknik Pembangunan Pertanian Malang. Clove leaf oil was evaluated for its larvicidal and antifeedant activities against ten third instar larvae of the armyworm. Completely randomized design was used with concentration levels of CLO as treatments. i.e. 0.4, 0.5, 0.67, 1.0, and 2.0% by volume. Profenofos 500 g L 0.1% and distilled water were include as control. Each treatment consisted of five replications. Mortality of the larvae and antifeedant activity were analyzed using analysis of variance, followed by probit analysis for calculating LC 50 and LT 50 -1. The results showed that CLO at 2.0% concentration was the most effective with regard to larvicidal and antifeedant activities. The LC 50 of CLO was 0.09% with LT 24.6 hours. This study revealed that the environmentally friendly CLO can be used as an alternative to synthetic insecticide for control S. litura.

References

Armijos MJG, Jumbo LOV, Faroni LRD, Oliveira EE, Flores AF, Heleno FF, & Haddi K. 2019. Fumigant toxicity of eugenol and its negative effects on biological development of Callosobruchus maculatus L. Revista de Ciencias Agrícolas. 36(1): 5–15.

Cansian RL, Vanin AB, Orlando T, Piazza SP, Puton BMS, Cardoso RI, Gonçalves IL, Honaiser TC, Paroul N, & Oliveira D. 2017. Toxicity of clove essential oil and its ester eugenyl acetate against Artemia salina. Braz. J. Biol. 77(1): 155–161.

Dayan FE, Cantrell CL, & Duke SO. 2009. Natural products in crop protection. Bioorg. Med. Chem. 17(12): 4022–4034.

Fattah A & Ilyas A. 2016. Siklus hidup ulat grayak (Spodoptera litura, F) dan tingkat serangan pada beberapa varietas unggul kedelai di Sulawesi Selatan. In: Pramesti AD, Kurniawan H, Syarif M, & Ansari MI (Eds.). pp. 834–842. Prosiding Seminal Nasional Inovasi Teknologi Pertanian. Balai Besar Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian.

Hasibuan R, Purnomo, Wibowo L, Izzaturrijal, & Lumbanraja J. 2019. Comparative bioactivity of plant extracts and synthetic insect growth regulators against Spodoptera litura (F.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. HPT Tropika. 19(2): 118–126.

Hikal WM, Baeshen RS, & Said-Al Ahl HAH. 2017. Botanical insecticide as simple extractives for pest control. Cogent Biol. 3(1): 1–16.

Javier AMV, Ocampo VR, Ceballo FA, & Javier PA. 2017. Insecticidal activity of selected essential oil extracts against common cutworm, Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Philipp. J. Sci. 146(3): 247–256.

Jeyasankar A, Premalatha S, & Elumalai K. 2014. Antifeedant and insecticidal activities of selected plant extracts against Epilachna beetle, Henosepilachna vigintioctopunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). AE. 2(1): 14–19.

Jumbo LOV, Haddi K, Faroni LRD, Heleno FF, Pinto FG, & Oliveira EE. 2018. Toxicity to, oviposition and population growth impairments of Callosobruchus maculatus exposed to clove and cinnamon essential oils. PLoS ONE. 13(11): e0207618.

Martínez LC, Plata-Rueda A, Colares HC, Campos JM, Santos MHD, Fernandes FL, Serrão JE, & Zanuncio JC. 2018. Toxic effects of two essential oils and their constituents on the mealworm beetle, Tenebrio molitor. Bull. Entomol. Res. 108(6): 716–725.

Marwoto & Suharsono. 2008. Strategi dan komponen teknologi pengendalian ulat grayak (Spodoptera litura Fabricius) pada tanaman kedelai. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian. 27(4): 131–136.

Mondal P, Biswas S, Pal K, & Ray DP. 2018. Annona squamosa as a potential botanical insecticide for agricultural domains: a review. IJBS. 5(1): 81–89.

Mossa ATH. 2016. Green pesticides: essential oils as biopesticides in insect-pest management. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 9(5): 354–378.

Nurdjannah N & Bermawie N. 2012. Cloves. In: Peter KV (Ed.). Handbook of Herbs and Spices. pp. 197–215. Woodhead Publishing Ltd, Abington Cambridge England.

Priyanka B & Srivastava R. 2012. Larvicidal and growth regulatory activities of some essential oils against Asian army worm, Spodoptera litura (Fab.). J. Biopestic. 5(2): 186–190.

Rajashekar Y, Bakthavatsalam N, & Shivanandappa T. 2012. Botanicals as grain protectants. Psyche. 2012: 646740.

Retnasari E, Puspasari LT, Meliansyah R, Maharani R, Hidayat Y, & Dono D. 2017. Toxicity of Barringtonia asiatica L. (KURZ.), Melia azedarach L. and Annona muricata L. seed extract mixture against larvae Crocidolomia pavonana F. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). KnE. Life Sciences. 2(6): 246–255.

Rismayani & Laba IW. 2015. The effectivity of citronella and clove oils against cabbage caterpillar Crocidolomia pavonana. Bul. Littro. 26(2): 109–116.

Saad MMG, Abou-Taleb HK, & Abdelgaleil SAM. 2018. Insecticidal activities of monoterpenes and phenylpropenes against Sitophilus oryzae and their inhibitory effects on acetylcholinesterase and adenosine triphosphatases. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 53(2): 173–181.

Tengkano W & Suharsono. 2005. Ulat grayak Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) pada tanaman kedelai dan pengendaliannya. Bul. Palawija. 52(10): 43–52.

Tian BI, Liu QZ, Liu ZL, Li P, & Wang JW. 2015. Insecticidal potential of clove essential oil and its constituents on Cacopsylla chinensis (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) in laboratory and field. J. Econ. Entomol. 108(3): 957–961.

Vargas-Méndez LY, Sanabria-Flórez PL, Saavedra-Reyes LM, Merchan-Arenas DR, & Kouznetsov VV. 2019. Bioactivity of semisynthetic eugenol derivatives against Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae infesting maize in Colombia. Saudi J. Biol. Sci. 26(7): 1613–1620.

Waliwitiya R. 2005. Toxicities of thymol, citronellal, eugenol and rosemary oil to control Agriotes obscurus (Coleoptera: Elateridae) in laboratory and greenhouse bioassays. Theses. The University of British Columbia.

Downloads

Published

2020-12-25
Read Counter : 132 times
PDF Download : 686 times