• Sempurna Ginting Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
  • Nadrawati Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
  • Agustin Zarkani Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
  • Teten Sumarni Dinas Pertanian Seluma



corn, natural incidence, Spodoptera frugiperda, Nomuraea rileyi


Natural incidence of entomopathogenic fungus Nomuraea rileyi on Spodoptera frugiperda infesting corn in Bengkulu. Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is a new invasive pest in corn. The intensive use of synthetic insecticides for pest control causing various problems such as resistance, pest resurgence, and environmental damage. To solve these problems, entomopathogenic fungi could be used as an alternative in pest management. Therefore, this study was aimed to determine the natural incidence of Nomuraea rileyi (Farlow) Samson (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae) entomopathogenic fungus on S. frugiperda in Bengkulu. The research was carried out by exploring the corn producing areas in Bengkulu for N. rileyi incidence. The results showed that the N. rileyi was occurred naturally infected S. frugiperda larvae reached 79.0%. Meanwhile, the percentage of crops damage due to S. frugiperda was ranged from 40.0 to 96.0%. The highest natural incidence of N. rileyi were found in the Village of Bukit Barisan and Tugu Rejo (79.0%), followed by Pulo Geto Baru (25.0%), and Taba Mulan (5.3%) while the lowest incidence was in Sidomulyo (1.0%). The infected larvae were not found in the Napal, Beringin Raya 1, and Beringin Raya 2, despite the percentage of S. frugiperda attacks was reached 50.0; 50.0 and 74.0%, respectively.


Abd El-Ghany TM. 1995. Entomopathogenic Fungi and their Role in Biological Control. OMICS Group eBooks, California.

Abdel-Raheem M. 2020. Isolation, mass production and application of entomopathogenic fungi for insect pests control. In: El-Wakeil N, Saleh M, & Abu-Hashim M (Eds.). Cottage Industry of Biocontrol Agents and their Applications. pp. 231-252. Spinger Nature, Switzerland.

Akutse Akutse KS, Kimemia JW, Ekesi S, Khamis FM, Ombura OL, & Subramanian S. 2019. Ovicidal effects of entomopathogenic fungal isolates on the invasive fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Appl. Entomol. 143(6): 626–634.

Baudron F, Zaman-Allah MA, Chaipa I, Chari N, & Chinwada P. 2019. Understanding the factors influencing fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda J.E. Smith) damage in African smallholder maize fields and quantifying its impact on yield. A case study in Eastern Zimbabwe. Crop Prot. 120: 141–150.

Choudhary JS, Prabhaker CS, Maurya S, Kumar R, Das B, & Kumar S. 2012. New report of Hirsutella sp. infecting mango hopper Idioscopus clypealis from Chotanagpur Plateau, India. Phytoparasitica. 40(3): 243–245.

Chimweta M, Nyakudya IW, Jimu L, & Mashingaidze AB. 2019. Fall armyworm [Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith)] damage in maize: management options for flood-recession cropping smallholder farmers. Int. J. Pest Manage. 66 (2): 142–154.

McGrath D, Huesing JE, Beiriger R, Nuessly G, Tepa-Yotto TG, Hodson D, Kimathi E, Elias F, Obaje JA, Mulaa M, Mendes AP, Mabrouk AFA, & Belayneh Y. 2018. Monitoring, surveillance, and scouting for fall armyworm. In: Prasanna BM, Huesing JE, Eddy R, & Peschke VM (Eds.). Fall Armyworm in Africa: A Guide for Integrated Pest Management. First Edition. pp. 11–28. CDMX, CIMMYT. Mexico.

Cruz-Avalos AM, Bivián-Hernández MA, Ibarra JE, & Rincón-Castro MCD. 2019. High virulence of mexican entomopathogenic fungi against fall armyworm, (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 112(1): 99–107.

Dutta P, Patgiri P, Pegu J, Kaushik H, & Boruah S. 2014. First record of Nomuraea rileyi (Farlow) Samson on Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) from Assam, India. Curr. Biotica. 8(2): 187–190.

Early R, González-Moreno P, Murphy ST, & Day R. 2018. Forecasting the global extent of invasion of the cereal pest Spodoptera frugiperda, the fall armyworm. NeoBiota. 40: 25–50.

EPPO. 2019. Spodoptera frugiperda continues to spread in Asia. EPPO Reporting Service, No.2019/053. EPPO. Paris, France.

Goergen G, Kumar PL, Sankung SB, Togola A, & Tamò M. 2016. First report of outbreaks of the fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae), a new alien invasive pest in west and central Africa. PloS ONE. 11(10): e0165632.

Hamirbhai BA. 2010. Bio-efficacy of Nomuraea rileyi (Farlow) Samson against Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) infesting pigeonpea. Dissertation. Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh.

Huesing JE, Prasanna BM, McGrath D, Chinwada P, Jepson P, & Capinera JL. 2018. Integrated pest management of fall armyworm in Africa: an introduction. In: Prasanna BM, Huesing JE, Eddy R, & Peschke VM (Eds.). Fall Armyworm in Africa: A Guide for Integrated Pest Management. First Edition. pp. 1–10. CDMX, CIMMYT. Mexico.

IPPC. 2018. Report on fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) on the border of Thailand. IPPC Official Pest Report, No THA-03/1. FAO. Rome, Italy.

Lestari P, Budiarti A, Fitriana Y, Susilo FX, Swibawa IG, Sudarsono H, Suharjo R, Hariri AM, Purnomo, Nuryasin, Solikhin, Wibowo L, Jumari, Hartaman M. 2020. Identification and genetic diversity of Spodoptera frugiperda in Lampung Province, Indonesia. Biodiversitas. 21(4): 1670–1677.

Nonci N, Kalqutny SH, Mirsam H, Muis A, Azrai M, & Aqil M. 2019. Pengenalan Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda J.E. Smith) Hama Baru pada Tanaman Jagung di Indonesia. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Serealia. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Kementerian Pertanian, Jakarta.

Maharani Y, Dewi VK, Puspasari LT, Rizkie L, Hidayat Y, & Dono D. 2019. Cases of fall army worm Spodoptera frugiperda J.E. Smith (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) attack on maize in Bandung, Garut and Sumedang District, West Java. J. Cropsaver. 2(1): 38–46.

Mallapur CP, Naik AK, Hagari S, Praveen T, Patil RK, & Lingappa S. 2018. Potentiality of Nomuraea rileyi (Farlow) Samson against the fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (J E Smith) infesting maize. J. Entomol. Zool. Stud. 6(6): 1062–1067.

Manjula K, Nagalingam B, & Arjuna RP. 2003. Occurrance of Nomuraae rileyi on Spodoptera litura and Helicoverpa armigera in Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh. Ann. Plant Prot. Sci. 11(2): 224–227.

Moanaro, Kumari A, Choudhary JS, Pan RS, & Maurya S. 2017. Natural incidence of Nomuraea rileyi, an entomopathogenic fungus on Spodoptera litura infesting groundnut in eastern region of India. The Bioscan. 12(2): 843–846.

Rachappa V & Lingappa S. 2007. Seasonality of Nomuraea rileyi (Farlow) Samson in northern trasitional belt of Karnataka. Ann. Pl. Protec. Sci. 15(1): 68–72.

Sharanabasappa, Kalleshwaraswamy CM, Asokan R, Swamy HMM, Maruthi MS, Pavithra HB, Hegde K, Navi S, Prabhu ST, & Goergen G. 2018a. First report of the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E.Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), an alien invasive pest on maize in India. Pest Manag. Hort. Ecosyst. 24(1): 23–29.

Sharanabasappa, Kalleshwaraswamy CM, Maruthi MS, & Pavithra HB. 2018b. Biology of invasive fall army worm Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on maize. Indian J. Entomol. 80(3): 540–543.

Shylesha AN, Jalali SK, Gupta A, Varshney R, Venkatesan T, Shetty P, Ojha R, Ganiger PC, Navik O, Subaharan K, Bhaktavatsalam N, & Ballal CR. 2018. Studies on new invasive pest Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and its natural enemies. J. Biol. Control. 32(3): 145–151.

Trisyono YA, Suputa, Aryuwandari VEB, Hartaman M, & Jumari. 2019. Occurrence of heavy infestation by the fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda, a new alien invasive pest, in corn in Lampung Indonesia. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia. 23(1): 156 –160.

Wanasinghe VKASM, Chanchala KMG, Karunathilake AP, Nikpay A, & Nugaliyadde L. 2019. First report of fall army warm, Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in sugarcane in Sri Lanka. International Sugar and Sugarcane Conference. Pattaya, Thailand.

Yee KN, Aye MM, Htain NN, Oo AK, Kyi PP, Thein MM, & Saing NN. 2019. First detection report of the Fall Armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on maize in Myanmar. report of FAW in Myanmar.pdf.



Read Counter : 248 times
PDF Download : 118 times