INFESTATION OF MAJOR PESTS AND DISEASES ON VARIOUS CASSAVA CLONES IN LAMPUNG-INDONESIA

Authors

  • I Gede Swibawa Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung
  • Franciscus Xaverius Susilo Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung
  • Purnomo Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung
  • Titik Nur Aeny Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung
  • Setyo Dwi Utomo Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung
  • Erwin Yuliadi Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23960/j.hptt.12013-18

Keywords:

cassava, leaf spot diseases, mealybugs, red mite

Abstract

Infestation of major pests and diseases on various cassava clones in Lampung-Indonesia. Lampung Province is one ofcassava producers in Indonesia which contributes more than 30% to the total national cassava production. However, theinfestation of pests and diseases can limit cassava production in the field. The objective of this research was to observe theinfestation level of major plant pests and diseases of cassava in Lampung. A survey was conducted in August 2016 in severallocations of cassava fields owned by farmers and experimental plots in the area of Faculty of Agriculture, University ofLampung. The results showed that cassava mealybug (Phenacoccus manihoti), papaya mealybug (Paracoccus marginatus)and red mite (Tetranychus urticae) infested at cassava clones in Lampung. The infestation of red mite tended to be higher thanthat of mealybugs. The cassava brown leaf spot disease that infested in mild to moderate severity was found on all cassavaclones, while viral disease with prevalence of 78% was only found on Duwet 1 clone in experimental plot.

References

Abaca A, Kiryowa M, Awori E, Andema A, Dradiku F, Moja AS, & Mukalazi J. 2014. Cassava pests and diseases’ prevalence and performance as revealed by adaptive trial sites in North Western Agro-Ecological Zone of Uganda. J. Agric. Sci. 6(1): 116–122.

Astuti W. 2014. Ketahanan Empat Kultivar Ubikayu terhadap Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida (Acari: Tetranichidae). Skripsi. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Banito A, Verdier V, Kpémoua KE, & Wydra K. 2007. Assessment of major cassava diseases in Togo in relation to agronomic and environmental characteristic in a systems approach. Afr. J. Agric. Res. 2(9): 418–428.

Bellotti AC. 2002. Artropods pest. In: Hillocks RJ, Thresh JM, & Bellotti AC (Eds.). Cassava: Biology, Production and Utilization. pp. 209–235. CABI publishing, Wallingford.

BPS. 2014. Produksi Ubikayu Nasional. https://www.bps.go.id/dynamictable/2015/09/09/880/produksi-ubi-kayu-menurut-provinsi-ton-1993-2015.html. Accessed on 23 November 23 2017.

Ewusie EA, Parajulee MN, Adabie-Gomez DA, & Wester D. 2010. Strip Cropping: a potential IPM tool for reducing whitefly, Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) infestation in cassava. West Afr. J. Appl. Ecol. 17: 100–119.

Indiati SW. 2012. Ketahanan varietas/klon ubikayu umur genjah terhadap tungau merah. Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan. 31(1): 53–59.

Kalshoven LGE. 1981. The Pests of Crops in Indonesia (revised by Van der Laan). PT. Ichtiar Baru, Van Hoeve, Jakarta.

Kementerian Pertanian. 2016. Outlook Komoditas Pertanian Sub Sektor Tanaman Pangan: Ubi kayu. Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian. Kementerian Pertanian, Jakarta.

Muniappan R, Shepard BM, Watson GW, Carner GR, Sartiami D, Rauf A, & Hammig MD. 2008. First report of the papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), in Indonesia and India. J. Agric. Urban Entomol. 25(1): 37–40.

Muniappan R, Shepard BM, Watson GW, Carner GR, Rauf A, Sartiami D, Hidayat P, Avun JVK, Georgen G, & Rahman AKMZ. 2009. New records of invasive insects (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha) in Southeast Asia and West Africa. J. Agric. Urban Entomol. 26(4): 167–174.

Parsa S, Kondo T, & Winotai A. 2012. The cassava mealybug (Phenacoccus manihoti) in Asia: first records, potential distribution, and an identification key. PLoS ONE. 7(10): e47675.

Sartiami D, Watson GW, Roff MNM, Hanifah MY, & Idris AB. 2014. First record of cassava mealybug, Phenacoccus manihoti (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), in Malaysia. Zootaxa. 3957(2): 235–238.

Sundari T. 2010. Pengenalan varietas unggul dan teknik budidaya ubikayu. Materi Pelatihan Agribisnis bagi KMPH. Balai Penelitian Kacang Kacangan dan Umbi Umbian, Malang.

Susilo FX, Purnomo, & Swibawa IG. 2009. Infestation of the papaya mealybug in home yard plants in Bandar Lampung, Indonesia. In: Lumbanraja J, Susilo FX, Purnomo, Hasibuan R, Niswati A, Yusnaini S, Hori H, & Okazaki K (Eds.). Proceeding of the 3rd International Meeting for the Development of IPM in Asia and Africa, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia. pp. 81–92. University of Lampung Press, Bandar Lampung.

Wardani N. 2015. Kutu putih ubi kayu, Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), hama invasif baru di Indonesia. Disertasi. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Yaninek JS, de Moraes GJ, & Markham RH. 1989. Handbook on the Cassava Green Mite (Mononychellus tanajoa) in Afrika. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan.

Yonow T, Kriticos DJ, & Ota N. 2017. The potential distribution of cassava mealybug (Phenacoccus manihoti), a threat to food security for the poor. PLoS ONE. 12(3): e0173265.

Downloads

Published

2020-03-04
Read Counter : 93 times
PDF Download : 3 times