VALIDATION OF TECHNOLOGY COMPONENTS FOR PEANUT POD BORER (Etiella zinckenellaTriet.) CONTROL

Yusmani Prayogo, Marida Santi Yudha Ika Bayu

Abstract


Peanut pod borer caused by Etiella zinckenella is one of the important pests of peanut in Indonesia. The symptoms of E. zinckenella attack are blackened pods and rotten seeds, causing yield loss up to 90%. The research aim was to validate the efficacy of various control technology components of peanut pod borer pests. The research was conducted at the Natar (Lampung) experimental station from April to August 2014. The research was arranged using a complete randomized design (CRD) method, the treatment consisted of six control technology components, and treatment was repeated four times. The results showed that the more larvae found in the pods, the greater the damage of the pods are crushed by larvae. Application of lambda cyhalothrin insecticide (P6) starting at 35–70 days after planting (DAP) was not able to suppress larval populations of E. zinckenella so that damaged pods were also larger and not significantly different from without control (P0). Lamda sihalotrin insecticide application also harms the survival of natural enemies (predators and parasitoids). Lamda cyhalothrin insecticides can be combined with other control components such as soybean trap plants, thiametoxam and carbofuran and parasitoid of Trichogramma bactrae-bactrae to control of peanut pod borer. Application of Lecanicillium lecanii biopesticide was combined with chemical insecticides thiametoxam or carbofuran can suppress E. zinckenella larvae and yield loses, beside it can safety against the survival of predators the order Araneida and Coleoptera and parasitoid of Hymenoptera and Diptera. Biopesticides of L. lecanii were combined with tiametoxam or carbofuran insecticides can be recommended for control agents of peanut pod borer E. zinckenella.


Keywords


chemical insectcides, E. zinckenella, natural enemy, peanut, pod borer

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbas HK, Reddy KRN, Salleh B, Saad B, Abel CA, & Shier WT. 2010. An overview of mycotoxin contamination in foods and its implications for human health. Tox. Rev. 29(1): 3–26.

Abdou GY & Abdalla EF. 2006. Evaluation of some selected pesticides against the two pod borers Helicoverpa armigeraand Etiella zinckenella population infesting cowpea in the newly reclaimed regions. Res. J. Agric. Biol. Sci. 2(6): 578–583.

Abulhay HS & Bathi MH. 2014. Effect of some insecticides on the egg parasitoid Trichogramma evanescens westword (Hymenoptera: trichogrammatidae). J. Al-Nahrain University. 17(3): 116–123.

Al-Degh A. 2009. Combining effects of Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) and Ertemocerus mundus merat (Hynemoptera: Aphelinidae) on sweet potato whitefly Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (Aleyrodidae: hemiptera). J. Entomol. 6(2): 72–81.

Alizadeh A, Samih MA, & Izadi H. 2007. Compatibility of Verticillium lecanii (Zimm.) with several pesticides. Commun. Agric. Appl. Biol. Sci. 72(4): 1011–1015.

Apriyanto D, Sriwidodo, & Priyatiningsih. 2008. Incidence of soybean pod borer on groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in Bengkulu. J. Akta Agrosia. 11(1): 41–46.

Apriyanto D, Yoga DH, & Mulyadi. 2009. Appearances soybean pod borer Etiella zinckenella Treit. (Lepidoptera: pyralidae) and host selection of soybean and peanut. J. of Akta Agrosia. 12(1): 62–67.

Apriyanto D, Toha B, Priyatiningsih, & Suryati D. 2010. Resilience appearance six peanut varieties against pods borer (Etiella zinckenella Treit.) in Plateau and Mainland Low Bengkulu. J. HPT Tropika. 10(1): 13–19.

Araya JE, Araya M, & Guerrero MA. 2010. Effects of some insecticides applied in Sub Lethal Concentrations on the survival and longevity of Aphidius ervi (Haliday) (Hymenoptera: aphidiidae) adults. Chil. J. Agric. Res. 70: 221–227.

Bachatly, Hady MASA, Hegab MFAH, & Kamel MH. 2002. Pesticidal activity of certain pesticides against the cowpea pod borer Etiella zinckenella (Lepidoptera: pyralidae). J. Adv. Agric. Res. 7(2): 393–403.

Badii KB, Bae A, & Sowley ENK. 2013. Efficacy of some lambda sihalothrin based insecticides in control of major field pests of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.). Inter. J. Sci. & Technol. Res. 2(4): 76–82.

Baliadi Y. 2006. Dominansi dan keragaman penyakit utama kedelai, kacang tanah, dan kacang hijau di Jawa Timur dan Nusa Tenggara Barat. Laporan Survei Lapang Evaluasi Status OPT Kacang-kacangan dan Musuh Alaminya. Balitkabi.

Baliadi Y & Rahmiana AA. 2010. Bioekologi dan pengendalian penggerek polong, Etiella zinckenellaTr. pada kacang tanah. Laporan Tengah Tahun 2010. Balitkabi.

Blibech I, Ksantini M, Jarda T, & Bouaziz M. 2015. Effect of insecticides on Trichogramma parasitoids used in biological control against Prays oleae insect pest. Adv. Chem. Engin. & Sci. 5: 362–372.

Carrillo D, Jorge E, Pena M, & Rogers E. 2009. Relative susceptibility of Haeckeliania sperata (Hymenoptera: trichogrammatidae) to pesticides used in Citrus and Ornamental systems in Florida. J. Econ. Entomol. 102: 905–912.

Consoli FL, Parra JRP, & Hassan. 2009. Side Effects of insecticides used in tomato field on the egg parasitoid Trichogramma pretiosum riley (Hymenoptera: trichogrammatidae), a natural enemy of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: gelecthiidae). J. Appl. Entomol. 122: 45–47.

Costa MA, Moscardini VF, Gontijo P da C, Carvalho GA, de Oliveira RL, & de Oliveira HN. 2014. Sublethal and transgenerational effects of insecticides in developing Trichogramma galloi (Hymenoptera: trichogrammatidae). Ecotoxicol. 23(8): 1399–1408.

Cuthbertson AGS, Blackburu LF, Northing P, Luo W, Cannon RJC, & Walters KFA. 2010. Chemical compatibility testing of the entomopathogenic fungus Lecanicillium muscarium to control Bemisia tabaci in glass house environment. Inter. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 7(2): 405–409.

Damayanti D, Sutrisno, Saptowo JP, Herman M, Ekramli, Sundari R, & Ibrahim E. 2001. Bioasai Tanaman Kedelai Transgenik R2 terhadap Etiella zinckenella Tr. Balai Penelitian Bioteknologi dan Sumberdaya Genetik Pertanian, Bogor.

Dhaka SS, Singh G, Ali N, Mittal V, & Singh DV. 2011. Efficacy of novel insecticides against pod borer, Etiella zinckenella (Treitschke) in vegetable pea. Crop Res. 42 (1,2, & 3): 331–335.

Fotukkiaii SM & Sahragard A. 2013. Functional response of Serangium montazerii (Coleoptera: coccinellidae) to different densities of Dialeurodes citri (Hemiptera: aleyrodidae) an open-pacth approach. J. Entomol. Soc. Iran. 33(2): 1–7.

Freier B, Triltsch H, Mawee M, & Mall E. 2007. The potential of predators in natural control of aphids in wheat: results of ten year field study in two german landscapes. BioCont. 52:775–788.

Gan Z, Yang J, Tao N, Liang L, Mi G, Li J, & Zhang KQ. 2007. Cloning of the gene Lecanicillium psalliotae chitinase Lpchit1 and identification of its potential role in the biocontrol of root-knot nematoda Meloidogyne incognita. Appl. Microbiol biotechnol. 76(6): 1309–1317.

Ganeshi J. 2013. Pod borer pest Etiella zinckenella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in groundnut crop in West Pasaman. THESIS. Universitas Andalas, Padang.

Gehan AY & Abdalla EF. 2006. Evaluation of some selected pesticides against the two pod borers Helicoverpa armigeraand Etiella zinckenella population infesting cowpea in the Newly Reclaimed Regions. Res. J. Agric. Biol. Sci. 2(6): 578–583.

Goettel MS, Koike M, Kim JJ, & Brodeur J. 2008. Potential of Lecanicillium Spp. for management of insect, nematodes and plant diseases. J. Invertebr Pathol. 98(3): 256–261.

Hedayati MT, Pasqualotto AC, Wam PA, Bowyer P, & Denning DW. 2007. Aspergillus flavus: human pathogen allergen and micotoxin producer. Microbiol. 153(1): 1677–1692.

Hernandez R, Harris M, & Liu TX. 2011. Impact of insecticides on parasitoids of the leaf miner Liriomyza trifolii, in pepper in South Texas. J. Insect Sci. 11(61): 1–4.

Herz A & Hassan SA. 2006. Are indigenous strains of Trichogramma (Hymneoptera: trichogrammatidae) better candidates for biological control of Lepidopterous pests of the olive tree? Biocont. Sci. Technol. 16(8): 841–857.

Husegnov EF. 2006. The prey of the lynx spider Ozyopes Globifer (Araneae: oxyopidae) associated with a semidesert dwarf shrub in Azerbaijan. J. Arachnol. 34: 422–426.

Husegnov EF. 2007. Natural prey of the lynx spider Oxyopes lineatus (Araneae: oxyopidae). Entomol Fen. 18: 144–148.

Hussain D, Ali S, Mushfaq-ul-Hassan M, Ali S, Saleem M, & Nadeem S. 2012. Evaluation of toxicity of some new insecticides against egg parasitoid Trichogramma chilonis (Ishii) (Hymenoptera: trichogrammitidae). Pak. J. Zool. 44(4): 1123–1127.

Inayat TP, Rana SA, Rana N, Ruby T, Siddiqui MJI, &Khan MNA. 2011. Predator prey relationship among selected species in the croplands of central Punjab Pakistan. Pak. J. Agric. Sci. 48: 149–153.

Isaka M, Kittakoop P, Kirtikara K, Hywel-Jones NL, & Thebtaranonth Y. 2005. Bioactive substances from insect pathogenic fungi. Acc. Chem. Res. 38: 813–823.

Kalyebi A, Hassa S, Sithananthan S, & Mueke JM. 2014. Parasitization of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: noctuidae) by four indigenous trichogramatid species/strains in a mixed croping system of tomato and okra. Adv. Res. 2(4): 188–194.

Kawazu K, Shimoda T, &Suzuki Y. 2010. Effect of insecticides on the foraging behaviour and survival of Cotesia vestalis, a larval parazitoid of the diamondback moth Plutella xylostella. J. Appl. Entomol. 135(9): 647–657

Kindlmann P, Yasuda H, Kajita Y, Sato S, & Dixon AFG. 2015. Predator efficiency reconsidered for ladybird-aphid system. Frot. Ecol. Evol. 3(27): 1–5.

Liu BL, Kao PM, Tzeng YM, & Feng KC. 2003. Production of chitinase from Verticillium lecanii F091 using submerged fermentation. Enz. Microbiol. Technol.33: 410–415.

Lu ZX, Laroche A, & Huang HC. 2005. Isolation and characterization of chitinases from Verticillium lecanii. Can. J. Microbiol. 51(12): 1045–1055.

Mason PB, Erlandson MA, Elliott RH, & Harris BJ. 2002. Potential impact of spinosad on parasitoids of Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: noctuidae). Can Entomol. 134: 58–68.

Murakoshi M. 2005. Presence of toxic substance in fungus bodies of the entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana and Verticillium lecanii. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 13(2): 97–102.

Noma T, Gratton C, Colunga-Barcia M, Brewer MJ, Mueller EE, Wyckhuys KA, Heimpel GE, & O’Neal ME. 2010. Relationship of soybean aphid (Hemiptera: aphididae) to soybean plant nutritients, landscape structure, and natural enemies. Environ. Entomol. 39(1): 31–41.

Norton G, Taylor M, Thiele K, & Pickering J. 2000. Identification guide to insect orders. lucid professional demonstration key (CD based). The University of Queensland.

Park H &Kim K. 2010. Selection of Lecanicillium strain with high virulence against developmental stages of Bemisia tabaci. Mycobiol. 38(3): 210–214.

Permana AD, Johari A, Putra RE, Sastrodihardjo S, & Ahmad I. 2012. The influence of trichome characters of soybean (Glycine maxmerrill) on oviposition preference of soybean pod borer Etilella zinckenella Treitschke (Lepidoptera: pyralidae). J. Entomol. Nematol. 4(3): 15–21.

Prayogo Y. 2009. Kajian Cendawan Entomopatogen Lecanicillium lecanii (Zimm.) (Viegas &Gams)untuk Menekan Perkembangan Telur Hama Pengisap Polong Kedelai Riptortus linearis (F.) (Hemiptera: Alydidae). DISERTASI. Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Prayogo Y, Bayu MSI, & Rahmiana AA. 2012. Teknologi Pengendalian Hama Penggerek Polong Kacang Tanah Etiella zinckenella di Lahan Kering Masam. Laporan Hasil Penelitian Tahun 2012. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Aneka Kacang dan Umbi.

Qazi JI, Sattar S, Khan F, &Sattar H. 2011. Toxicity of some new insecticides against Trichogramma chilonis (Hymenoptera: trichogrammatidae) under laboratory and extended laboratory conditions. Pak. J. of Zool. 43(6): 1117–1125.

Rana SA, Ruby T, Rana N, Afizal M, Mahmood-ul-Hassan M, & Siddiqui MJI. 2012. Predator-prey association among selected arthropod species in the cropland of Mixed Crop Zone (MCZ) and Cotton-Wheat Zone (CWZ). J. An. Plant Sci. 22(4): 1019–1023.

Ren SZ, Ali S, Huang Z, & Wu JH. 2010. Lecanicillium muscarium as microbial insecticide against whitefly and its interaction with other natural enemies. Curr. Res.Technol. Edu. Topics Appl. Microbiol. Microb. Biotechnol. 339–349.

Rodrigues-Saona ENL, Mendoqa Jr M de S, Fritz LL, Heinrichs EA, & Fluza L. 2013. Effect of the insecticide lambda cyhalothrin on rice spider populations in Southern Brazil. Zool. 30(6): 615–622.

Schell S & Latchininsky A. 2007. Insect Identification. Renewable Resources. University of Wyoming.

Shimoda T, Yara K, & Kawazu K. 2011. The effects of eight insecticides on the foraging behavior of the parasitoid wasp Cotesia vestalis. J. Plant Interac. 6(2 & 3): 189–190.

Shinde SV, Patel KG, Purohit MS, Pandya JR, & Sabalpara AN. 2010. Lecanicillium lecanii (Zimm.) zare and gams an important biocontrol agent for the management of insect pests. a-review. Agric. Res. Commun. Cent. 31(4): 235–252.

Shinya R, Aiuchi D, Kushida A, Tani M, Kuramochi K, & Koike M. 2008a. Effects of fungal culture filtrates of Verticillium lecanii (Lecanicillium lecanii) conidia and infection of green house whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum). Biol. Cont. Sci. Technol. 16(6): 599–606.

Shinya R, Aiuchi D, Kushida A, Tani M, Kuramochi K, & Koike M. 2008b. Pathogenicity and its mode of action different sedentary stages of Heterodera glycines (Tylenchida: heteroderidae) by Verticillium lecanii (=Lecanicillium lecanii) Hybrid strains. J. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 43(2): 227–213.

Sugiyama K, Katayama H, & Saito T. 2011. Effect of insecticides on the mortalitas of three whitefly parasitoid species Eretomocerus mundus, Eretomocerus eremicus and Encarsia formosa (Hymenoptera: aphelinidae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 46(3): 311–317.

Sutrisno, Saptowo JP, Damayanti D, Herman M, Sundari R, & Ibrahim E. 2002. Bioasai Tanaman Kedelai Transgenik Pinll terhadap Hama Penggerek Polong Etiella zinckenellaTr. Balai Penelitian Bioteknologi dan Sumberdaya Genetek Pertanian, Bogor.

Takada Y, Kawamura S, & Tanaka T. 2001. Effects of various insecticides on the development of the egg parasitoid Trichogramma dandrolini (Hymenoptera: trichogrammatidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 6: 1340–1343.

Tengkano W, Supriyatin, Suharsono, Bedjo, Prayogo Y, & Purwantoro. 2006. Status Hama Kedelai dan Musuh Alami di Lahan Kering Masam Lampung. Hlm:511-526 Dalam Suharsono et al. (Ed.). Peningkatan Produksi Kacang-kacangan dan Umbi-umbian Mendukung Kemandirian Pangan. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan, Bogor.

Tengkano W. 2007. Daerah penyebaran hama kedelai dan musuh alaminya di lahan kering masam Sumatera Selatan. pp. 369–383. Dalam: D Harnowo, AA. Rahmiana, Suharsono, MM. Adie, F. Rozi, Subandi, dan AK. Karim (Eds.). Peningkatan Produksi Kacang-kacangan dan Umbi-umbian Mendukung Kemandirian Pangan. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan, Bogor.

Thangavel B, Palaniappan K, Pillai KM, Subbarayalu M, & Madhaiyan R. 2008. Pathogenicity, ovicidal action, and median lethal concentrations (LD50) of entomopathogenic fungi against exotic spiralling whitefly Aleurodicus dispersus Russell. J. Path. 11(2): 39–47.

Tian M, Wei Y, Zhang S, & Liu T. 2017. Suitability of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: aleyrodidae) biotype B and Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: aphididae) as prey for the ladybird beetle Serangium japonicum (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Europ. J. Entomol. 114: 603–608.

Van den Berg HM, Shepard BM, & Nasikin. 1998. Damage incidence by Etiella zinckenellain soybean in East Java, Indonesia. Inter. J. Pest Manag. 44(3): 153–159.

Van den Berg HM, Aziza, & Machrus M. 2000. On-farm evaluation of measures to monitor and control soybean pod borer Etiella zinckenella in East Java, Indonesia. Inter. J. Pest Manag. 46(3): 219–224.

Velez MPJ. 2008. Compatibility of the entomopathogenic fungus Lecanicillium longisporum (Ptch) Zare & Gams with the predatory midge Aphidoletesaphidiomyza rondani (Diptera; cecidomyiidae). Thesis in Departement of Biological Science, Bachelor of Science in Agriculture, Universidal Nal de Colombia.

Wang L, Huang J, You M, Guan X, & Liu B. 2007. Toxicity and feeding deterence ofcrude toxin extracts of Lecanicillium Lecanii (Hyphomycetes) against sweet potato whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: aleyrodidae). Pest Manag. Sci. 63(4): 381–387.

Zhao X, Wu C, Wang Y, Cang T, Chen L, Yu R, & Wang Q. 2012. Assessment of toxicity risk of insecticides used in rice ecosystem on Trichogramma japonicum, an egg parasitoid of rice lepidopterans. J. Econ. Entomol. 105(1): 92–101.

Zhao ZH, Hui C, He DH, & Ge F. 2013a. Effects of position within wheat field and adjacent habitats on the density and diversity of cereal aphids and their natural enemies. BioCont. 58: 765–776.

Zhao ZH, Hui C, Ouyang F, Liu JH, Guan XQ, & He DH. 2013b. Effects of inter-annual landscape on interactions between cereal aphids and their natural enemies. Basic Appl. Ecol. 14: 472–479.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23960/j.hptt.1201-12

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


web
counter

View My Stats

Statistics Counter since 15 January 2016

Flag Counter
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.