GENOTYPIC SELECTION ON RED CHILI PLANTS RESISTANT TO ANTHRACNOSE DISEASE AT M2 GENERATION

Authors

  • Nyimas Sa'diyah Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung
  • Adawiah Magister of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung
  • Ibnu Prasojo Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung
  • Rugayah Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung
  • Suskandini Ratih Dirmawati Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23960/j.hptt.218151-159

Keywords:

anthrax, diversity, disease resistance, heritability, selection

Abstract

Genotypic selection on red chili palnts resistant to anthracnose disease at m2 generation. A superior anthracnose resistant cultivar was sought to overcome the low production due to anthracnose in red chili. For the development of superior cultivars, it was necessary to select genotypes that were resistant to anthracnose. Selection effectiveness was determined by wide diversity and high reliability. The purpose of this study was to see the diversity and heritability of agronomic characters and resistance to anthracnose on chili plants, and to select genotypes that were resistant to anthracnose. This research was conducted with a design without repetition. The plant material used was the seed of the results of gamma ray mutations in generation M2. The results of this study were: the broad diversity of phenotypes found in all characters observed, while all characters of the genotype observed had broad criteria except plant height at flowering and harvest, and at seedling period. The genotype that should be planted in the next generation was genotype number 136. Genotype number 136 was very resistant to anthracnose infection. 

References

Aryana IGPM. 2012. Uji Keseragaman, Heritabilitas dan Kemajuan Genetik Galur Padi Beras Merah Hasil Seleksi Silang Balik Di Lingkungan Gogo. Jurnal Crop Agro. 3(1): 12—20.

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2017. Produksi Cabai Besar Menurut Provinsi 2011-2015. Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia. Jakarta.

Guswanto R, Syukur M, Purwoko BS, & Hidayat SH. 2015. Metode Penularan Massal untuk Uji Penapisan Ketahanan Cabai Mutan terhadap Begomovirus. J. Hort. 25(3): 246—256.

Guswanto R, God MT, Purwoko BS, & Hidayat SH. 2016. Induced Mutation By Gamma Rays Irradiation to Increase Chili Resistance to Begomovirus. AGRIVITA. 38 (1): 24—32.

Hallauer AR & Miranda JB. 1988. Quantitative Genetics in Maize Breeding. Second Edition. Iowa State University Press / Ames. Iowa.

Hakim A, Syukur M, & Widodo. 2014. Ketahanan Penyakit Antraknosa terhadap Cabai Lokal dan Cabai Introduksi.. Bul. Agrohorti. 2(1): 31—36.

Mendez-Natera JR, Rondon A, Hernandes J, & Merazo-Pinto JF. 2012. Genetic studies in upland cotton III. Genetic parameters, correlation and path analysis. SABRAO Journal of Breeding and Genetics. 44 (1): 112—128.

Manzila A, Gunaeni N, Kusandriani Y, & Priyatno TP. 2014. Ketahanan dan Karakter Fenotipe Galur Mutan (M2) Cabai terhadap Chilli Veinal Mottle Virus. Jurnal AgroBiogen. 11 (2): 73—80.

Maryenti T, Barmawi M, & Prasetyo J. 2015. Heritabilitas dan Kemajuan Genetik Karakter Ketahanan Kedelai Generasi F2 Persilangan Tanggamus x B3570 terhadap Soybean Mosaic Virus. Jurnal KELITBANGAN. 2(2): 137—153.

Nura. 2015. Peningkatan Keragaman Genetik Cabai Tahan Terhadap Penyakit Antraknosa Melalui Hibridisasi dan Iradiasi Sinar Gamma. [TESIS]. . Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Sa'diyah N. 2016. Pengaruh Iradiasi Sinar Gamma Pada Benih Terhadap Pembibitan Cabai (Capsicum annum L.). Laporan penelitian.

Sa'diyah N, Aksuri F, Azhari MF, & Rugayah. 2017. Pengaruh iradiasi sinar gamma pada benih terhadap keragaman genotipe dan fenotipe cabai merah. Soleh MA, Kadapi M, Mubarok S, Wicaksono FY, & Sari S (Eds). Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pemanfaatan Tanaman Lokal untuk Pangan dan Industri. pp.138-144. Universitas Padjajaran, Jatinangor Sumedang.

Satriawan IB, Sugiharto AN, & Ashari S. 2017. Heritabilitas Dan Kemajuan Genetik Tanaman Cabai Merah (Capsicum Annuum L.) Generasi F2. Journal of Plant Production. 5 (2): 343—348.

Soeranto H. 2003. Peran Iptek nuklir dalam pemuliaan untuk mendukung industri pertanian. Prosiding Pertemuan dan Presentasi Ilmiah Penelitian Dasar Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi Nuklir P3TM Batan. Abraha K & Arryanto Y (Eds). pp. 308-316. Yogyakarta.

Syukur M, Sujiprihati S, Koswara J, & Widodo. 2007. Pewarisan ketahanan cabai (Capsicum annuum L.) terhadap Antraknosa yang disebabkan oleh Colletotrichum acutatum. Bul. Agron. 35 (2): 112—117.

Syukur M, Sujiprihati S, Koswara J, & Widodo. 2009. Ketahanan terhadap Antraknosa yang Disebabkan oleh Colletotrichum acutatum pada Beberapa Genotipe Cabai (Capsicum annuum L.) dan Korelasinya dengan Kandungan Kapsaicin dan Peroksidase. J. Agron. Indonesia. 37 (3): 233—239.

Syukur M, Sujiprihati MS, Yunianti R, & Nida K. 2010. Pendugaan komponen ragam, heritabilitas dan korelasi untuk menentukan kriteria seleksi cabai (Capsicum annum L.) Populasi F5. Jurnal Hort. Indonesia.1 (3): 74—80.

Syukur M, Sujiprihati S, Yunianti R, & Kusumah DA. 2011. Pendugaan Ragam Genetik Dan Heritabilitas Karakter Komponen Hasil Beberapa Genotipe Cabai. Jurnal Agrivigor. 10 (2): 148—156.

Wahdah R. 1996. Variabilitas dan pewarisan laju akumulasi bahan kering pada biji kedelai. [Disertasi]. Program Pascasarjana Universitas Padjadjaran. Bandung.

Yunita R, Khumaida N, Sopandie D, & Mariska I. 2014. Pengaruh Iradiasi Sinar Gama terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Regenerasi Kalus Padi Varietas Ciherang dan Inpari 13. Jurnal AgroBiogen. 10(3): 101—108.

Downloads

Published

2018-07-26
Read Counter : 82 times
PDF Download : 41 times