DIVERSITY OF ARTHROPOD PREDATOR IN SWAMP RICE FIELDS IN SOUTH SUMATERA

Dewi Meidalima, Ruarita Ramadhalina Kawaty, Erlan B. Gunawan

Abstract


The abundance and diversity of arthropod in agro ecosystem depend on the level of synthetic pesticide contamination.  This study aimed to explore, identify and analyze the diversity and abundance of predatory arthropods in swamp rice fields treated with pesticide application (in Pemulutan) and without pesticide application (in Musi 2). The swamp rice fields in Pemulutan are bordered by village, river and forest. The methods were survey and direct observation on 3 ha and 2 ha of swamp rice fields in Pemulutan and Musi 2, Palembang. Sampling of predatory arthropods were conducted at 20, 50, 80 and 110 days after rice planting using pitfall trap.  Identification of  predatory arthropods  was conducted at Laboratory of Entomology showing that the arthropod collected consisted of 17 species of insects and 9 species of Arachnida. In Pemulutan Ogan Ilir were found 19 species (10 species of insect and 9 species of Arachnida) at the village area. In the area that was bordered by river were found 8 species (7 insect and 1 Arachnida). In the area bordered by forest were found 22 species (10 species of insects and 12 species of Arachnida). The diversity level, number of species, and arthropod specimen in the field without pesticide application at Musi 2 were higher than those in the fields with pesticide application in Pemulutan.


Keywords


arthropod, abundance, bio-indicator, diversity, predatory

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amirhusin B. 2004. Perakitan Tanaman Transgenik Tahan Hama. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian. 23(1):1-7.

Bambaradeniya CNB, Edirisinghe JP, SilvaDN, Gunatilleke CVS, RanawanaKB, & Wijekoon S. 2004. Biodiversity associated with an irrigated rice agroecosystemin Sri Lanka. Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation. 13:1715-1753.

Barrion AT & Litsinger JA. 1994. Taxonomy of Rice Insect Pest and Their Arthropod Parasites and Predators, p.13-362. In E.A. Heinrichs (ed.). Biology and Management of Catindig, J.L.A & Heong, K.L. 2003. Stem borers. Rice Doctor. International Rice Research Institute, Philippines (Web site).

Carmo EL, Bueno AF & Bueno RCOF. 2010. Pesticides Selectivity for the Insect Egg Parasitoid Telenomus remus. J. Biocontrol 55(4):455-464.

deGunst JH. 1957. Indonesia lady-bird. Penggemar Alam. 36:3-

Fachrul MF. 2007. Metode Sampling Bioekologi. Penerbit Bumi Aksara. Jakarta. 198 hal.

Hadlington PW & Johnston JA. 1987. An Inroduction to Australia Insects. South China Printing Co. Hongkong. 116 p.

Hall DG & Nguyen R. 2010. Toxicity of Pesticides to Tamarixia radiate, a Parasitoid of the Asian Citrus Psyllid. J. Biocontrol 55(5):601-611.

Herlina N, Rizali A, Moerfiah,Sahari B, & Buchori D. 2011. Pengaruh Habitat Sekitar Lahan Persawahan dan Umur Tanaman Padi terhadap Keanekaragaman Hymenoptera Parasitika. J. Entomol. Indon. 8(1):17-26

Herlinda S, Rauf A, Sosromarsono S, Kartosuwondo U, Siswadi, & Hidayat P. 2004. Artrhopoda Predator Penghuni Ekosistem Persawahan di Daerah Cianjur, Jawa Barat. J. Entomol. Ind. (1)1:9-15.

Herlinda S, Waluyo, SP Estuningsih, & Irsan C. 2008. Perbandingan Keanekaragaman Spesies dan Kelimpahan Artrhopoda Predator Penghuni Tanah di Sawah Lebak yang Diaplikasi dan Tanpa Aplikasi Insektisida. J.Entomol. Ind. 5(2):96-107.

Herlinda S & Irsan C. 2011. Pengendalian Hayati Hama Tumbuhan. Universitas Sriwijaya. Palembang.

Ishijima C, Taguchi A, Takagi M, Motobayashi T, Nakai M, & Kunimi Y. 2006. Observational Evidence that The Diet of Wolf Spiders (Araneae: Lycosidae) in Paddies Temporarily Depens on Dipterous Insects. Applied Entomology and Zoology. 41(2):195-200.

Kalshoven LGE. 1981. The Pests of Crops in Indonesia. Revised and Translated by van der Laan, PT. Ichtiar Baru. Van Hoeven, Jakarta.

Kartohardjono A. 2011. Penggunaan Musuh Alami sebagai Komponen Pengendalian Hama Padi Berbasis Ekologi.. J. Pengembangan Inovasi Pertanian. 4(1):29-46.

Khodijah, Herlinda S, Irsan C, Pujiastuti Y, & Thalib R.. 2012a. Artropoda Predator dan Penghuni Ekosistem Persawahan Lebak dan Pasang Surut Sumatera Selatan. J. Lahan Sub-Optimal. 1(1): 57-63.

Khodijah, Herlinda S, Irsan C, Pujiastuti Y, Thalib R, Thamrin T & Meidalima D. 2012b.

Pests Attacking Paddy Fresh Swamp and Tidal Lawland of South Sumatera. Prosiding Seminar International on Substainable Management of Lowland for Rice Production. Banjarmasin. 27-28 September 2012.

Kromp B & KH Steinberger. 1992. Grassy Field Margins and Arthropod Diversity: a Case Study on Ground Beetles and Spiders in Eastern Austria (Coleoptera: Carabidae; Arachnidae: Aranei, Opiliones). Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 40:71-93.

Lawrence JF & Britton EB. 1994. Australian Beetles. Melbourne University Press. Victoria.

McEwen P. 1997. Sampling, handling and rearing insect. In : Dent DR & Walton MP (Eds.). Methods in Ecological & Agricultural Entomology. University Press. Cambridge.

Meidalima D & Meihana. 2013. Artropoda sebagai Bioindikator Kesehatan Lahan Pertanian. Prosiding Seminar Nasional VII Masyarakat Konservasi Tanah dan Air Indonesia.Palembang. 6-8 November 2013.

Meidalima D. 2014. Sistem Pertanian Organik: Upaya Reklamasi Lahan Pertanian. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Masyarakat Konservasi Tanah dan Air Indonesia. Palembang. 16 April 2014.

Meidalima D, Kawaty RK & Gunawan EB. 2017. The Diversity of Arthropods Predator on Wild Plant in the Rice Fieldwith Pesticides and Without Pesticides Application. J. Biosaintifika. 9(1):89-94.

Peck SL, Mcquaid B & Campbell CL. 1998. Using Ant Species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) as a Biological Indicator of Agroecosystem Condition. J. Entomol Soci America 27(5): 1102-1110.

Price JF & Shepard M. 1980. Sampling ground predators in soybean fields.. In. M. Kogan & D. C. Herzog (eds.). Sampling Methods in Soybean Entomology. p. 530-543. Springer-Verlag. New York.

Purwanta FX, Rauf A, Kartosuwondo U & Sastrosiswoyo W. 1997. Pengaruh Aplikasi Insektisida terhadap Komunitas Artropoda pada Agroekosistem Kedelai. Makalah Disampaikan pada Seminar Nasional PHT. Subang. 16-19 Juni 1997.

Rizali A, Buchori D & Triwidodo H. 2002. Insect Diversity at the Forest Margin-Rice Field Interface: Indicator for a Healthy Ecosystem. J. Hayati. 9(2):41-48.

Rosdah T, Effendy TA & Herlinda S. 2002. Struktur Komunitas dan Potensi Artrhopoda Predator Hama Padi Penghuni Ekosistem Sawah Dataran Tinggi di Daerah Lahat, Sumatera Selatan. Makalah Seminar Nasional Dies Natalis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sriwijaya & Peringatan Hari Pangan Sedunia. Palembang. 7-8 Oktober 2002.

Sitorus H. 1997. Uji Hayati Toksisitas Deterjen Terhadap Ikan Mas (Cyprinus caprio L). J. Visi. 5(2): 44-62.

Sopiah RN & Chaerunisah. 2006. Laju Degradasi Surfaktan Linear Alkil Benzana Sulfonal (LAS) pada Limbah Deterjen secara Anaerob pada Reaktor Lekat Diam Bermedia Sarang Tawon. J. Teknologi Lingkungan: 7(3): 243-250.

Suheriyanto D. 2012. Keanekaragaman Fauna Tanah di Taman Nasional Bromo Tengger Semeru Sebagai Bioindikator Tanah Bersulfur Tinggi. Jurnal Saintis 1(2): 29-38.

Tulung M. 1999. Ekologi Laba-laba di Pertanaman Padi dengan Perhatian Utama pada Pardosa pseudoannulata (Boes. & Str.). Program Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. 120h. (Disertasi S3).

Uwimana C. 2011. Impact of Rice Cropping on Abundance of Benthic Macroinvertebrates in Nyanza, Sovu and Kibabara Marshes, Huye District. National University of Rwanda Faculty of Science Biology Department.

Van Emden HF. 1991. Plant Diversity and Natural Enemy Efficiency in Agroecosystems. In: Mackauer M, Ehler LE & Roland J (eds.) Critical issues in Biological Control. Athenaeum Press Ltd. Great Britain.

Waage J. 1989. The Population Ecology of Pest-Pesticede-Natural Enemy Interactions. In: Jepson PC (Ed) Pesticedes and Non-target Invertebrates. Wimborne (England): Intercept. P 81-93.

Wanger TC, Rauf A & Schwarze S. 2010. Pesticides and Tropical Biodiversity. Frontiers in Ecologyand the Environment. 8:178-179.

Whitcomb WH. 1980. Sampling Spiders in Soybean Fields. In. Kogan M, Herzog DC (eds.). Sampling Methods in Soybean Entomology. Pp.544-558. SpringerVerlag. New York.

Widiarta IN, Kusdiaman & Suprihanto. 2006. Keanekaragaman Artropoda pada Padi Sawah dengan Pengelolaan Tanam Terpadu. J. HPT Tropika. 6(2):61-69.

Wissinger SA. 1997. Cyclic Colonization in Predictably Ephemeral Habitat :A Template for Biological Control in Annual Crops System. Biological Control. 10:4-15.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23960/j.hptt.218112-118

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


web
counter

View My Stats

Statistics Counter since 15 January 2016

Flag Counter
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.