Pineapple Fruit Collapse: Newly Emerging Disease of Pineapple Fruit in Lampung, Indonesia

Authors

  • Joko Prasetyo Plant Clinic Laboratory Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture University of Lampung, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia 35145
  • Titik Nur Aeny Plant Clinic Laboratory Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture University of Lampung, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia 35145

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23960/j.hptt.11496-99

Keywords:

pineapple fruit collapse, pineapple heart rot, and Erwinia chrysanthemi

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Pineapple fruit collapse: newly emerging disease of pineapple fruit in Lampung, Indonesia Recently, a new disease on pineapple fruit has occurred in Lampung. Symptoms of the disease are complex. Fruits rotted and exuded copious liquid from the inter- fruitlet tissues accompanied by gas bubbles. Open spaces were formed inside the rotten fruit. Dissection of diseased fruit showed many cavities within its sceletal fibres and bad odour was exerted from the rotten tissues. A bacterial entity was isolated  from the diseased materials. In a pathogenicity test, the isolated bacteria caused the same symptom as mentioned. In the growing-on test the crown of the heavily infected fruit  showed  heart rot symptom.  Those  indicated that the disease was pineapple fruit collapse. Both symptoms were known related to the same causal agent, Erwinia chrysanthemi (pineapple strain Dickeya sp.). In our opinion, this is the first report of pineapple fruit collapse in Indonesia.

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Published

2014-03-02
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