A new report of moss-camouflaging mantis Nanomantinae in Bali, Indonesia

Main Article Content

I Putu Sudiarta
Gusti Ngurah Alit Susanta Wirya
Dewa Gede Wiryangga Selangga
I Gusti Ngurah Prabu Wira Sanjaya
I Made Arimbawa
Garda Bagus Damastra


In 2019 we found moss praying mantis around the forest in the Bedugul Area of Bali, Indonesia. This species belongs to the family Mantidae, subfamily Nanomantinae, and predicted as member of  Calofulcinia genus based on diagnostics of morphological characteristics, behavior, and habitat. Information about the morphological characteristics and data from the molecular sequencing database of the genus Calofulcinia has been very limited. In this research, the barcoding DNA of mitochondrial Cytochrome Oxidase I (mtCOI) of the species is noted using paired primers LCO1490 and HCO2198. Based on the sequence analysis (identity matrix and phylogeny analysis), the moss mantis from Bali has low similarity and genetic relationship with other Mantodea species from GenBank database. The data indicate the moss mantis from Bali has not been reported previously. In addition, the distribution of moss mantis species in Bedugul, Bali, Indonesia has just been described and recorded.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sudiarta, I. P.; Wirya, G. N. A. S. .; Selangga, D. G. W.; Sanjaya, I. G. N. P. W.; Arimbawa, I. M.; Damastra, G. B. A New Report of Moss-Camouflaging Mantis Nanomantinae in Bali, Indonesia. J Trop Plant Pests Dis 2023, 23, 1-6.



Alzohairy AM. 2011. BioEdit: An important software for molecular biology (SoftwareReview) . GERF Bulletin of Biosciences. 2(1): 60–61.

Beier M. 1933. Beiträge zur fauna sinica. herausgegeben von R. mell, Berlin. XIII. Die mantodeen chinas. Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Zoologisches Museum und Institut für Spezielle Zoologie (Berlin). 18(3): 322–337. https://doi.org/10.1002/mmnz.19320180304

Brannoch SK & Svenson GJ. 2016. A new genus and species (Cornucollis gen. n. masoalensis sp. n.) of praying mantis from northern Madagascar (Mantodea, Iridopterygidae, Tropidomantinae). Zookeys. 556: 65–81. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.556.6906

Carle T, Horiwaki R, Hurlbert A, & Yamawaki Y. 2018. Aversive learning in the praying mantis (Tenodera aridifolia), a sit and wait predator. J. Insect Behav. 31: 158–175. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10905-018-9665-1

Doyle JJ & Doyle JL. 1987. A rapid DNA isolation of procedure for small quantities of fresh leaf tissue. Phytochem Bull. 19: 11–15.

Ehrmann R. 2002. Mantodea: Gottesanbeterinnen der Welt. Natur und Tier Verlag GmbH, Mu?nster.

Folmer O, Black M, Hoeh W, Lutz R, & Vrijenhoek R. 1994. DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. Mol. Mar. Biol. Biotechnol. 3(5): 294–299.

Giglio-Tos E. 1915. Mantidi Esotici. Generi e Specie Nuove. Bullettino della Società Entomo-logica Italiana (Firenze). 46: 31–108.

Hebard M. 1920. Studies in Malayan, Papuan and Australian Mantidae. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 72(1): 14–82.

Jiang F, Jin Q, Liang L, Zhang AB, & Li ZH. 2014. Existences of species complex largely reduced barcoding success for invasive species of Tephritidae: a case study in Bactrocera spp. Mol. Ecol. Resour. 14(6): 1114–1128. https://doi.org/10.1111/1755-0998.12259

La Greca M. 1966. Su du specie di Mantodei dell’Australia. Annuario dell’Istituto e Museo di Zoologia dell’Università di Napoli. 17: 1–8.

Loftus RT, MacHugh DE, Bradley DG, Sharp PM, & Cunningham P. 1994. Evidence for two independent domestications of cattle. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 91(7): 2757–2761. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.91.7.2757

Saussure H. 1899. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Reisen in Madagaskar und Ostafrika in den Jahren 1889-1895. In: Voeltzkow A (Ed). Orthoptera-Mantidae. S., Taf. 27–28. Frankfurt. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft. 1(24): 1–76.

Stål C. 1877. Systema Mantodeorum. Essai d’une systematization systématisation nouvelle des Mantodées. Bihang till Kongl. Svenska vetenskaps-akademiens handlingar. 4(10): 1–91.

Statistic Centre Agency (SCA) Bali Province. 2017. https://bali.bps.go.id/. Accessed on 17 August 2021.

Svenson GJ & Vollmer W. 2014. A case of the higher-level classification of praying mantises (Mantodea) obscuring the synonymy of Majangella Giglio-Tos, 1915 (Liturgusidae, Liturgusinae) and Ephippiomantis Werner, 1922 (Hymenopodidae, Acromantinae). Zootaxa. 3797: 103–119. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3797.1.10

Tamura K, Stecher G, Peterson D, Filipski A, & Kumar S. 2013. MEGA6: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 6.0. Mol. Biol. Evol. 30(12): 2725–2729. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mst197

Thompson JD, Gibson TJ, Plewniak F, Jeanmougin F, & Higgins DG. 1997. The CLUSTAL_X windows interface: flexible strategies for multiple sequence alignment aided by quality analysis tools. Nucleic Acids Res. 25(24): 4876–4882. https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/25.24.4876

Unnahachote T, Shcherbakov E, & Pinkaew N. 2021. First record of the genus Arria (Mantodea, Haaniidae, Arriini) from Thailand, with the description of a new species of moss-dwelling praying mantis. Zookeys. 1028: 49–60. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.1028.62347

Westwood JO. 1889. Revisio Insectorum Familiae Mantidarum, speciebus novis aut minus cognitis descriptis et delineatis. Gurney and Jackson, London.

Williams G. 2002. A Taxonomic and Biogeographic Review of the Invertebrates of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves of Australia (CERRA) World Heritage Area, and Adjacent Regions. Technical Reports of the Australian Museum. 16: 1–208.http://www.ephemeroptera-galactica.com/pubs/pub_w/pubwilliamsg2002p1.pdf