• Herry Marta Saputra Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Biology, Universitas Bangka Belitung
  • Budi Afriyansyah Departement of Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Biology, Universitas Bangka Belitung




citrus, cue lure, delthametrin, lynfield trap, methyl eugenol


Not all fruit flies species of Dacini tribe were pests to fruit and fleshy vegetables. CentralBangka Regency is one of the citrus producer in the Bangka Belitung Islands Province. Information about this fruit flies in this area was limited. This study aimed to make inventory and identification of fruit flies species of the Dacini tribe in Central Bangka Regency, Bangka Belitung. The research was conducted in Nibung, Penyak, and Terentang Villages in Central Bangka Regency, Bangka Islands. Lynfield traps were installed in a citrus cultivation area about 1.5 m above ground level. Lynfield traps were treated with the attractant and deltamethrin (2: 1; v / v) on dental cotton. Methyl eugenol and cue lure were used to attract the male fruit flies. In Central Bangka Regency, 3 genera and 14 species of fruit flies were obtained from the tribe Dacini. The fruit fly species of Bactrocera atrifemur, B. carambolae, B. dorsalis, B. occipitalis, and B. umbrosa were caught in the methyl eugenol attractant trap. Meanwhile, the fruit fly species of B. albistrigata, B. fuscitibia, B. melastomatos, B. neocognata, B. nigrotibialis, Dacus nanggalae, Zeugodacus apicalis, Z. caudatus, and Z. cucurbitae were caught in the cue lure attractant trap. The fruit flies obtained from the two different attractants were used to develop dichotomous keys.


AQIS. 2008. Third Training Workshop Fruit Flies of Indoneisa: their Identification, Pest Managent. Griffith University, Australia-Ministry of Agiculture Republic of Indonesia, Brisbane.

Doorenweerd C, Leblanc L, Norrbom AL, San Jose M, & Rubinoff D. 2018. A global checklist of the 932 fruit fly species in the tribe Dacini (Diptera, Tephritidae). ZooKeys. 730: 19–56.

Drew RAI & Hancock DL. 1994. The Bactrocera dorsalis complex of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) in Asia. Bull. Entomol. Res. 83 (2): 1–68.

Drew RAI & Romig MC. 2012a. Fruit Fly Species (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) Recorded in Indonesia. In: Griffith University (Eds.). Training Workshop Fruit Flies of Indonesia: their Identification, Pest Status and Pest Management. pp. 45–52. Grifffith University, Brisbane, Australia.

Drew RAI & Romig MC. 2012b. Diagnoses of Pest Species. In: Griffith University (Eds.). Training Workshop Fruit Flies of Indonesia: their Identification, Pest Status and Pest Management. pp. 73–170. Grifffith University, Brisbane, Australia.

Drew RAI & Romig MC. 2013. Tropical Fruit Flies (Tephritidae: Dacinae) of Saouth-East Asia: Indomalaya to North-West Australasia. CABI, Wallingford.

Drew RAI & Romig MC. 2016. Keys to Tropical Fruit Flies (Tephritidae: Dacinae) of South-East Asia: Indomalaya to North-West Australasia. CABI, Wallingford.

Griffing LR. 2011. Who invented the dichotomous key? Richard Waller’s watercolors of the herbs of Britain. Am. J. Bot. 98(12): 1911–1923.

IPPC. 2015. ISPM 26: Establishment of Pest Free Areas for Fruit Flies (Tephritidae). International Plant Protection Convention.

IPPC. 2019. ISPM 27 Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests, DP 29: Bactrocera dorsalis. International Plant Protection Convention.

Kementerian Pertanian Republik Indonesia. 2020. Peraturan Menteri Pertanian Republik Indonesia Nomor 25 Tahun 2020 tentang Jenis Organisme Penganggu Tumbuhan Karantina. Kementerian Pertanian Republik Indonesia, Jakarta.

Khaeruddin. 2015. Identifikasi lalat buah (Diptera: Tephritidae) di beberapa Kabupaten di Provinsi Sulawesi Barat. Thesis. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Kwasi W. 2008. Assessment of fruit fly damage and implications for the dissemination of management practices for mango production in the Upper West Region of Ghana. J. Dev. Sus. Agr. 3(2): 117–134.

Larasati A, Hidayat P, & Buchori D. 2016. Kunci identifikasi lalat buah (Diptera: Tephritidae) di Kabupaten Bogor dan sekitarnya. JEI. 13(1): 49–61.

Leblanc L, Jose MS, Barr N, & Rubinoff D. 2015. A phylogenetic assessment of the polyphyletic nature and intraspecific color polymorphism in the Bactrocera dorsalis complex (Diptera, Tephritidae). ZooKeys. 540: 339–367.

Martiningsia D, Wijaya IN, & Sudiarta IP. 2017. Karakteristik molekuler dan filogeni lalat buah Bactrocera occipitalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) dari Tarakan berdasarkan sekuen nukleotida gen COI. J. Agric. Sci. Biotechnol. 6(1): 18–26.

Nakahara S, Katayama M, Thein MM, Yee KN, Naing SS, Soe W, Htiek T, & Tsuruta K. 2019. Notes on the genus Bactrocera fruit fly species in mango orchards in Myanmar. Res. Bull. Pl. Prot. Japan. 55: 43–51.

Ni M, Gu K, Hassan B, Ning D, Zheng Y, Qi Y, & Xu Y. 2020. Effect of oviposition by Bactrocera dorsalis on the antioxidant activity of orange juice. Braz. J. Biol. 80(3): 641-647.

Omoloye AA, Oladapo OG, Ibitoye O, & Alabi OY. 2016. Effects of field attack by Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann (Diptera: Tephritidae) on the morphology and nutritional quality fresh fruit of Citrus sinensis L. Afr. J. Agric. Res. 11(11): 967–973.

Plant Health Australia. 2011. The Australian Handbook for the Identification of Fruit Flies Version 1.0. Plant Health Australia, Canberra.

Plant Health Australia. 2018. The Australian Handbook for the Identification of Fruit Flies Version 3.1. Plant Health Australia, Canberra.

Pujiastuti Y, Irsan C, Herlinda S, Kartini L, & Yulistin E. 2020. Keanekaragaman dan pola keberadaan lalat buah (Diptera: Tephritidae) di Provinsi Sumatera. JEI. 17(3): 125–135.

Saputra HM, Sarinah, & Hasanah M. 2019. Kelimpahan dan dominansi lalat buah (Diptera: Tephritidae) pada pertanaman cabai (Capsicum annuum L.), di Desa Paya Benua, Bangka. Agrosainstek. 3(1): 36–41.

Supratiwi R, Apriyadi R, & Asriani E. 2020. Fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) diversity in horticultural farm of Merawang Sub-District, Bangka District, Bangka Belitung Islands. J. HPT Tropika. 20(1): 61–70.

Vargas RI, Mau RL, & Jang EB. 2007. The Hawaii fruit fly area-wide pest management program: accomplishments and future directions. Proc. Hawaii. Entomol. Soc. 39: 99–104.

Vargas RI, Piñero JC, & Leblanc L. 2015. An overview of pest species of Bactrocera fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) and the integration of biopesticides with other biological approaches for their management with a focus on the Pacific region. Insects. 6(2): 297–318.



Read Counter : 98 times
PDF Download : 46 times