SEDIAAN BIJI BARRINGTONIA ASIATICA: AKTIVITAS PADA HAMA KUBIS CROCIDOLOMIA PAVONANA DI LABORATORIUM DAN KEEFEKTIFAN DI LAPANGAN
Keywords:Barringtonia asiatica, Crocidolomia pavonana, botanical insecticide
Preparation of Barringtonia asiatica: insecticidal activity against Crocidolomia pavonana on laboratory and effectiveness on field. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the insecticidal and anti-oviposition activity of ethanol seed extract of Barringtonia asiatica against Crocidolomia pavonana in the laboratory, and to determine the effectiveness of a simple preparation of B. asiatica seeds in supressing oviposition and population of C. pavonana in the field. The mortality bioassays were conducted by a leaf-feeding method. Anti-oviposition activity was assessed by a choice-test in the nursery. The results showed that the ethanol seed extract of B. asiatica possessed strong insecticidal activity against C. pavonana larvae with LC50 of 0.14%. The extract at concentrations of 0.14-1.00% reduced oviposition by C. pavonana female as much as 65.7-95.6%. B. asiatica seeds ground in water for 5 seconds and then immersed for 1 hour at a concentration of 50 g l-1 yielded a simple preparation which was active against C. pavoana larvae. Such simple preparation at a concentration of 75 g l-1 sprayed on cabbage crop effectively suppressed population of C. pavonana larvae in the field.
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